Posted under Women's Health by Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

 

 

The Menstrual Cycle – Simple step by step guide to understanding your periods

Whether you are trying to conceive or trying not to conceive, this simplified step by step account of what happens during your menstrual cycle gives you everything you need to know.

Ovulation and Conception

Every month, the reproductive organs in a healthy woman prepare for pregnancy.

A complex interaction between the pituitary gland in the brain, the ovaries and the uterus work to create the perfect environment for ovulation (the release of an egg) to occur, for the sperm and egg to meet and for the fertilised egg to implant itself in the uterus.

We have already covered what are the fertility hormones in this article here

Now we will understand under the influence of these hormones what is the sequence of physiological changes happening in the ovaries and uterus during the menstrual cycle:

Ovarian cycle: The period of follicular growth in the ovaries leading to ovulation

Uterine Cycle: The period of shedding of old endometrium and growth and thickening of new endometrium in preparation for possible implantation